Kisan Baburao Hazare (born 15 June 1937), popularly known asAnna Hazare is a much-acclaimed popular Indian social activist who got mass-recognisation for his participation in the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Hazare also contributed to the development and structuring ofRalegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the Government of India in 1992 for his efforts in establishing this village as a model for others.
Anna Hazare started a indefinite hunger strike on 5 April 2011 to exert pressure on the Indian government to enact a strict anti-corruption law as envisaged in the Jan Lokpal Bill, for the institution of an ombudsman with the power to deal with corruption in public offices. The fast led to nation-wide protests in support of Hazare. The fast ended on 9 April 2011, the day after the government accepted Hazare's demands. The government issued a gazette notification on the formation of a joint committee, constituted of government and civil society representatives, to draft the legislation.
Anna has been ranked as the topmost influential person in Mumbai by a national daily newspaper. Also, he has been believed to be the current youth icon in India. He has faced criticism for his authoritarian views on justice, including death as punishment for corrupt public officials and his alleged support for forced vasectomies as a method of family planning
Honours, awards and international recognition
|Year of Award or Honor||Name of Award or Honor||Awarding Organization|
|2008||Jit Gill Memorial Award||World Bank|
|2005||Honorary Doctorate||Gandhigram Rural University|
|2003||Integrity Award||Transparency International|
|1998||CARE International Award||CARE (relief agency)|
|1992||Padma Bhushan||President of India|
|1990||Padma Shri||President of India|
|1989||Krishi Bhushana Award||Government of Maharashtra|
|1986||Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award||Government of India|