Thursday, August 25, 2011

Who is anna hazare?

Kisan Baburao Hazare (born 15 June 1937), popularly known asAnna Hazare  is a much-acclaimed popular Indian social activist who got mass-recognisation for his participation in the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Hazare also contributed to the development and structuring ofRalegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the Government of India in 1992 for his efforts in establishing this village as a model for others.
Anna Hazare started a indefinite hunger strike on 5 April 2011 to exert pressure on the Indian government to enact a strict anti-corruption law as envisaged in the Jan Lokpal Bill, for the institution of an ombudsman with the power to deal with corruption in public offices. The fast led to nation-wide protests in support of Hazare. The fast ended on 9 April 2011, the day after the government accepted Hazare's demands. The government issued a gazette notification on the formation of a joint committee, constituted of government and civil society representatives, to draft the legislation.
Anna has been ranked as the topmost influential person in Mumbai by a national daily newspaper.[6] Also, he has been believed to be the current youth icon in India.[7] He has faced criticism for his authoritarian views on justice, including death as punishment for corrupt public officials and his alleged support for forced vasectomies as a method of family planning

A Decade of Struggle

To view picture gallery click to
Anna Hazare had to struggle for 11 years continuously against government for giving rights to citizens by making legislations for Right to Information, More Rights for the Gram Sabha, Regulating Transfers of the Government Officers, Prohibition and against Red Tapism.
  • After the ShivSena – BJP government came in power on March 11, 1995; Anna Hazare started communicating with the government for taking steps to curb corruption. He wrote to the government 15 times and had meetings with it.
  • He sent a letter to the government on January 12, 1998 asking it to make an act for Right to Information for checking corruption.
  • As government was not paying any heed to his demand even after writing many letters and discussions, he started dharna on April 6, 1995 at the Azad Maidan, Mumbai.
  • He again wrote to the government 10 times between April 6, 1998 and August 2, 1999 asking it to make the Act for Right to Information. In the mean time, Congress – NCP government came in power.
  • He communicated with the newly formed government 5 times pressing it to make the Act. As it failed to do this, he wrote to the govt. on April 6, 2000 warning it that a statewide dharna agitation in front of Collector Offices would be started from 1st may and he would go on fast from 20th May, 2000.
  • To view picture gallery click to
  • As per schedule, the dharna agitation started in front of all Collector Offices all over the state on 2nd May. The fast was postponed as the Central Government passed a bill in Lok Sabha on Information Technology.
  • Continued communication with the govt. Wrote 14 times and had meetings with the govt. One year lapsed.
  • On 1st March 2001, wrote to the govt. that he would start statewide maun andolan from 1st May if the govt. did not make the legislation. The Chief Minister held a meeting with other concerned ministers and Secretaries and made a promise that the govt. will pass the bill in the coming session.
  • After the promise from the Chief Minister, 81 days lapsed. Anna’s correspondence with the govt. was continued. He wrote again on 1st March 2001 telling that he would undertake maun on 9th August 2001 at his native village Ralegan Siddhi.
  • As per his warning, he started maun agitation on 9th August. On the same day, people started agitation all over Maharashtra.
  • After 4 days of maun, the Minister of Law and Justice Mr. Vilas Kaka Undalkar visited Ralegan Siddhi to discuss with Anna Hazare. He facilitated a telephonic discussion with the Chief Minister and the Chief Secretary of Maharashtra. After promise from them, Anna stopped his maun.
  • After the lapse of 1 year and a month and writing more than 15 letters, the govt. was not taking any action. So Anna started maun again on 21st Sept. 2002. After 5 days, four Ministers of the maharashtra Govt., viz. Mr. Dilip Valse Patil, Shivajirao Kardile, Shivajirao Moghe and R. R. Patil came to Ralegan Siddhi for discussions with Anna Hazare. After getting a written assurance from the Chief Minister and Chief secretary, Anna stopped his agitation.
  • To view picture gallery click to
            • A meeting between Anna Hazare and the govt. was held on 30th October 2002 at Mumbai where the Chief Minister, the Chief secretary, other ministers and senior officers participated in the meeting on behalf of the govt. Again a promise was made.
            • But as the govt. was not kepi ng its promise, Anna again warned on 21st January that he would undertake agitation on 20th February at Mumbai.
            • In the mean time, the Chief minister of Maharashtra got changed. The new CM Mr. Sushilkumar Shinde informed Anna Hazare that a solution would be found within a timeframe after a meeting with Ministers and Senior Officers. So Anna postponed his agitation.
            • A high level meeting was held at the Secretariat in Mumbai on 17th February and the CM promised that appropriate action would be taken.
            • After the failure of the govt. to keep its words, Anna again warned the govt. of agitation from August 9, 2003 at Mumbai.
            • Anna finally went on fast on 9th August 2003 at the Azad Maidan in Mumbai. Thousands of people from all over Maharashtra gathered at the site of fast in support of his agitation. At the same time, people also protested at Collector Offices at all district headquarters. All this mounted tremendous pressure on the govt. There was a threat of govt. collapse if the Act was not passed. Finaly, the President of India signed the Bill on 12th day of Anna’s fast and declared that the Act would be effective from 2002. Anna ended his fast at the hands of a noted Social Worker Mr. Tukaramdada Gitacharya.
            • The Right to Information Act came into effect in Maharashtra from 2002. With Anna’s persuasion, the same Act came into effect for the whole nation.
            • Likewise, the Acts for more rights to the Gram Sabha and against Red Tapism were passed by the government.

            To view picture gallery click to
            These Acts are revolutionary steps towards strengthening of democracy in Maharashtra.


            Integrated village Development Project As a part of Golden Jubilee celebration of ”Bharat Chhodo Andolan “ Adarsh Gaon Yojna " was started under his chairmanship - “ Model Village “ project.
            Watershed development is one of the key tools contributing towards the overall objective of reducing poverty through sustainable development.
            The common man is put to lot of hardships and it has become difficult to make both ends meet as prices of essential commodities are rising constantly due to corruption. Hazare believes that our freedom is at the teeth of danger due to corruption and unless it is eliminated, the country will not be free in its true sense. Therefore, a peaceful war has been waged against corruption with the help of immense support from people.

            Right to Information includes the citizens’ right to -
            • inspect works, documents, and records.
            • take notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records.
            • take certified samples of material.
            • obtain information in form of printouts, diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts.

            The citizens can obtain the above from all government departments to ensure transparency. All they need to do is to invoke the Right To Information (RTI) Act. The state of Maharashtra leads in RTI activism and use, thanks to Anna Hazare’s inspiring leadership

            Honours, awards and international recognition

            Year of Award or HonorName of Award or HonorAwarding Organization
            2008Jit Gill Memorial AwardWorld Bank
            2005Honorary DoctorateGandhigram Rural University
            2003Integrity AwardTransparency International
            1998CARE International AwardCARE (relief agency)
            1997Mahaveer Award
            1996Shiromani Award
            1992Padma BhushanPresident of India
            1990Padma ShriPresident of India
            1989Krishi Bhushana AwardGovernment of Maharashtra
            1986Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra AwardGovernment of India

            No comments:

            Post a Comment